Aretha Louise Franklin

Aretha Louise Franklin

The Queen of Soul

Publicity photo of Aretha Franklin from Billboard, 17 February 1968. The uploaded photo is a better quality copy of the image shown in the ad. There are no copyright markings as can be seen at the full view link. Atlantic Records did not mark this special ad section with copyright mark(s); the Billboard copyright covers editorial content only-not advertisements, which would need to have their own copyrights for protection. see page 14 Special section for mark. The ad is not covered by any copyrights for Billboard. US Copyright Office page 3-magazines are collective works source: (PDF) “A notice for the collective work will not serve as the notice for advertisements inserted on behalf of persons other than the copyright owner of the collective work. These advertisements should each bear a separate notice in the name of the copyright owner of the advertisement.”

By Atlantic Records(Life time: Published before 1978 without a copyright notice) – Original publication: Billboard MagazineImmediate source: page 7, Public Domain, source:(commons.wikimedia.org)

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File: Aretha Franklin 1968.jpg

Created: 17 February 1968

Aretha Louise Franklin (March 25, 1942 – August 16, 2018) was an American singer, songwriter, actress, and pianist. Aretha Franklin began her career as a child singing gospel at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan where her father C. L. Franklin was minister. At age 18, she embarked on a secular career recording for Columbia Records. However, she achieved only modest success. Franklin found commercial success and acclaim after signing with Atlantic Records in 1966. Hit songs such as “Respect”, “Chain of Fools”, “Think”, “(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman”, “I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)”, and “I Say a Little Prayer”, propelled Franklin past her musical peers. By the end of the 1960s, Aretha Franklin had come to be known as “The Queen of Soul“.

She continued to record acclaimed albums such as I Never Loved a Man the Way I love You (1967), Lady Soul (1968), Spirit in the Dark (1970), Young, Gifted and Black (1972), Amazing Grace (1972), and Sparkle (1976) before experiencing problems with her record company. Franklin left Atlantic in 1979 and signed with Arista Records. She appeared in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers before releasing the successful albums Jump to It (1982), Who’s Zoomin’ Who? (1985), and Aretha  (1986) on the Arista label. In 1998, Franklin returned to the top 40 with the Lauryn Hill-produced song “A Rose Is Still a Ros”, later issuing the album of the same name, which went gold. That same year, Franklin earned international acclaim for her performance of “Nessun dorma” at the Grammy Awards, filling in at the last minute for Luciano Pavarotti, who had cancelled after the show had already begun. In 2015, she paid tribute to singer/songwriter and honoree Carole King by singing “(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman” at the Kennedy Center Honors.

Franklin recorded 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top-ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries, and 20 number-one R&B singles, becoming the most charted female artist in history. Franklin’s other well-known hits include “Rock Steady”, “Call Me”, “Ain’t No Way”, “Don’t Play That Song (You Lied)”, “Spanish Harlem”, “Day Dreaming”, “Until You Come Back to Me (That’s What I’m Gonna Do)”, “Something He Can Feel”, “Jump to It”, “Freeway of Love”, “Who’s Zoomin’ Who”, and “I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)” (a duet with George Michael). She won 18 Grammy Awards, including the first eight awards given for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance from 1968 through to 1975, and she is one of the best-selling musical artists of all time, having sold more than 75 million records worldwide.

Franklin received numerous honors throughout her career, including a 1987 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as the first female performer to be inducted, the National Medal Arts, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted to the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005 and to the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2012. Franklin is listed in two all-time lists by Rolling Stone magazine, including the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time and the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. In 2008, she was ranked by Rolling Stone as the No. 1 greatest singer of all time.

Franklin in 1967. Cropped image of larger trade ad for Aretha Franklin’s single “Baby I Love You”. To better adapt it to his respective Wikipedia article, this extracted image was was cropped and cleaned in a graphics editing program. The original can be viewed at a link provided from the Commons file.

By Atlantic Records – This file was derived from: Aretha Franklin.png, CC0, source:(commons.wikimedia.org)

source:(cco)

File: Aretha franklin 1960s cropped retouched.jpg

Created: 15 July 1967

Franklin performing on April 2007, at the Nokia Theater in Dallas, Texas

By Ryan Arrowsmith – https://www.flickr.com/photos/ryanarrowsmith/470200423/, CC BY 2.5, source:(commons.wikimedia.org)

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File: Arethafranklin.jpg

Created: 21 April 2007

Aretha Franklin sings “My Country ‘Tis Of Thee'” at the U.S. Capitol during the 56th presidential inauguration in Washington, D.C., Jan. 20, 2009.

By Cecilio Ricardo, U.S. Air Force – http://www.defenseimagery.mil; exact source for image 090120-F-3961R-860, Public Domain, source:(commons.wikimedia.org)

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File: Aretha Franklin on January 20, 2009.jpg

Created: 20 January 2009

Franklin waiting to perform at the White House, in 2015. Verbatim from the source: “The Queen of Soul — Aretha Franklin — was waiting for her cue during ‘The Gospel Tradition: In Performance at the White House’ when I noticed her close her eyes in silence for a few seconds while standing in the doorway between the Green Room and East Room before she was ready to begin her performance.” (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

By Pete Souza – Behind the Lens: 2015 Year in Photographs By Pete Souza, Chief Official White House Photographer, Public Domain, source:(commons.wikimedia.org)

source:(public domain)

File: Aretha Franklin, The Gospel Tradition In Performance at the White House, 2015.jpg

Created: 14 April 2015

Franklin wipes a tear after being given the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 9, 2005, at the White House. She is seated between fellow recipients Robert Conquest (left) and Alan Greenspan.

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File: Aretha Franklin honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.jpg

Created: 27 June 2008

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